A new book by Kevin Mitnick is out, The Art of Invisibility. A good read on how to protect our information and privacy online.
I am going to list the tools and software mentioned on that the book:
Elcomsoft Phone Password Breaker: is intended to enable law enforcement and government agencies to access iCloud accounts.
iBrute: a password-hacking mechanism specifically designed for acquiring iCloud credentials from just about anyone.
oclHashcat: a password cracking tool that leverages GPU for high speed cracking
John the Ripper: password cracker
www.haveibeenpwned.com: to see if your account has been compromised in the past
Password Safe: passwords manager
KeepPass: passwords manager
Orbot free Tor app from Google Play, iOS install the Onion browser
EFF HTTPS Everywhere
DuckDuckGo private search engine
startpage.com private search engine
Geo Location check: http://benwerd.com/lab/geo.php
https://panopticl check your browser signature
NoScript Firefox defense against third party tracking
ScriptBlock for Chrome
CanvasBlocker for Firefox
CanvasFingerPrintBlock for Chrome
Facebook Disconnect for Chrome
Facebook Privacy List for Adblock Plus for Firefox and Chrome
http://www.piriform.com CCleaner android/iOs/PC/Mac
Experian and Axiom: companies gathering info about us
aircrack-ng: can reveal the authorized MAC address of currently connected users to a WiFi router.
Reaver: can crack a WPS-enabled router within several hours
Cryptowall: it encrypts your entire hard drive, locking you out of every file until you pay the attacker
Transmit app on Mac or Tunnelier on Windows
make sure the service includes PFS (perfect forward secrecy), that does not block Tor and does not log the connections
Tails and Tor
BitLocker Disk encryption in Windows
PGP Whole Disk Encryption Disk encryption
WinMagic disk encryption for Windows
FileVault 2 Apple disk encryption
VeryCrypt Disk encryption
SpiderOak encrypted cloud storage
Network monitoring: Pwn Pulse identifies femtocells and even IMSI catchers such as StingRay (TriggerFish, Wolfpack, Gossamer)
Keyboard Privacy Chrome browser plugin
Shodan IoT devices
syncstop.com a USB condom which allows you to safely plug into any USB charger or computer
Tumblers services that take Bitcoin from a variety of sources and mix or tumble them together so that the resulting Bitcoin retains its value but carries traces of many owners.
Vanilla Visa and Vanilla MasterCard gift cards, viabuy.com in Europe
Paxful.com bitcoin wallet site. Using Tor, you can setup an initial Bitcoin wallet.
protonmail.com tutanota.com to create an email accout without any request to my verify the identity, using Tor
Other links/apps not on the book but important to know
In Android I would recommend: Keeppass2Android (password manager), OpenKeyChain: Easy PGP (manage PGP keys), K-9 email (PGP encryption through OpenKeyChain), Orbot and Orfox (Tor tools).
VPN: Freedome by F-secure
Chrome Plugins: CryptUp (encrypt Gmail with PGP), Privacy Badger (to avoid tracking cookies)